Overview of Partial Knee Replacement India

During the replacement of the knee, the damaged bone and tissue are resurfaced by the new prosthesis which has been damaged by any disease affecting the knee. In some cases, the knee damage is not so extensive and affects only a part of the knee. So, surgeons resurface only that damaged part instead of the whole knee, which we called Partial Knee Replacement Surgery or unicompartmental knee replacement. Partial knee replacement is a less complicated surgery which involves smaller incisions and less damage to surrounding tissue and bones. It makes it easier for the patients to recover soon with less pain and greater mobility. However, not all patients are suitable for partial knee replacement surgery. For example, the people with extensive damage of the knee and surrounding tissues cannot be treated with partial knee replacement and often need total knee replacement. Like any other surgery, it also carries some complications. So, proper post-operative care is necessary to speed up the recovery process. Although partial knee replacement has an advantage of speedy recovery with less pain, partial knee replacement has some disadvantage of requiring a new surgery in future. Because the bone part which is not replaced can develop the disease and may require a new surgery for the treatment. It is not the risk in case of total knee replacement.

Types of Partial Knee Replacement India

There are different types of partial knee replacements based on the specific compartments of the knee being replaced. The three main types are:

  • Medial unicompartmental knee replacement
  • Lateral unicompartmental knee replacement
  • Patellofemoral unicompartmental knee replacement

Medial Unicompartmental Knee Replacement

In this procedure, the damaged inner part of the knee joint, which is known as the medial compartment, is replaced with the damaged part. This replacement procedure includes a metal component for the thigh bone and a plastic component for the shinbone.

Lateral Unicompartmental Knee Replacement

This type of partial knee replacement involves replacing the outer part of the knee joint which has been damaged, known as the lateral unicompartmental knee replacement. It includes a metal component for the thigh bone and a plastic component for the shin bone but from the outer side.

Patellofemoral Unicompartmental Knee Replacement

Patellofemoral is the joint between the kneecap and the thigh bone. The damaged surfaces of both the kneecap and the groove on the thigh bone are replaced with metal and plastic components, respectively.

The choice of each type of partial knee replacement depends on several factors, including the extent and location of knee damage, the patient's condition of the bone, and overall knee function. The orthopedic surgeon makes the final decision on the type of partial knee replacement according to each individual assessment of the patient.

Procedure of Partial Knee Replacement

Pre-operative assessment: the surgeons perform the screening tests on patients and correlate it with the medical history and physical examination. Then a decision is made for performing a particular type of partial knee replacement surgery.


The patient is given anesthesia, which makes the patient either unconscious or makes the lower body numb.


A small incision, typically about 3 to 4 inches long, is made over the knee joint to access the area of the knee which is damaged.

Bone Preparation

The damaged tissues and bone from the affected area are removed by some special instruments and spare the healthy bone. The bone surfaces are reshaped for the prosthesis implant.

Implanting a Prosthesis

The artificial components of the metal thigh bone and shin bone along with a plastic spacer are replaced to the prepared bone surfaces.


Once the components are in place, the surgeon closes the incision with sutures or may apply a dressing to prevent any infection.

Postoperative Care

The patient is taken to a recovery area and monitored closely. Painkillers are given to reduce the pain after surgery. Physical therapy and exercises will begin within 2-3 days after surgery. It helps in early mobility and strengthening of the knee joint.

Cost of Partial Knee Replacement in India

Partial Knee Replacement Surgery in India is much cheaper than in other countries, including developed nations. The cost of the surgery in India ranges from approximately $2,200 to $4,500 that makes it an affordable option for patients. However, the cost may vary according to patients’ condition and it also may vary in different cities of India.

Cost of partial knee replacement in different cities of India:

Treatment Cities in India Min in Dollar Max in Dollar
New Delhi $ 2160 $ 3960
Mumbai $ 2280 $ 4080
Chennai $ 2580 $ 4380
Bangalore $ 2400 $ 4200
Hyderabad $ 2880 $ 4680

Symptoms and Risk factors

Indications of Partial Knee Replacement

Here are some specific conditions or diseases that may require partial knee replacement:

  • Osteoarthritis of the knee.
  • Rheumatoid arthritis affecting the knee.
  • Post-traumatic arthritis.
  • Avascular necrosis (loss of blood supply) of the knee.
  • Knee deformities, such as knock knees or bow legs affecting only one compartment of the knee
  • Tissue instability in one compartment of the knee
  • softening or degeneration of the tissue under the kneecap, limited to one compartment
  • meniscus tear
  • synovitis (swelling of the lining of joint)
  • sports injuries damaging the knee.

Risk Factors for Partial Knee Replacement

While it is generally considered a safe and effective treatment option for certain individuals, there are still some potential risk factors associated with partial knee replacement. These risk factors include:


Like any surgical procedure, partial knee replacement also has a risk of infection. Although it can be treated with medications but in severe conditions a new surgery is required with new prosthesis.

Blood Clots

Blood clot formation in the veins of the lung is a major risk factor after surgery. It can also travel to the lungs and cause severe complications. So it is important to take medications for preventing blood clot formation.

Implant problems

Sometimes implants can displace and may cause damage in the knee joint which can lead to severe complications. In some cases, a revision surgery is required for treatment.

Damage to Nerve and Blood Vessels

During surgery, there is a small risk of damaging nerves or blood vessels in the surrounding area. This can lead to numbness, pain, weakness, or circulation problems in the affected side of the body.

Pain and Stiffness

Sometimes the poor circulation and mobility can cause severe pain in the knee joint. The lack of motion in the joint makes the surrounding muscles stiff which can lead to activity limitations.

Poor Wound Healing

The infections and poor circulation in the joint can make it difficult to heal the wound completely. They may cause severe complications and delay the recovery.

Top Hospitals for Partial Knee Replacement in India

Shaping the future of the healthcare institution and establishing the path to accomplishment.

Aster Medcity Kochi,India

Book Appointment

VPS Lakeshore Hospital Kochi,India

Book Appointment

IBS Hospital - Institute of Brain & Spine New Delhi,India

Book Appointment

Max Multi Speciality Centre , Noida Noida,India

Book Appointment

CK Birla Hospital Gurugram,India

Book Appointment

Jaypee Hospitals, Noida, Uttar Pradesh India

Book Appointment

Metro Hospital Faridabad,India,

Book Appointment

Indraprastha Apollo Hospital New Delhi

Book Appointment

Metro Hospital Faridabad,India,

Book Appointment

Top Doctors for Partial Knee Replacement in India

Empower your Health with the Expertise of Leading Medical Professionals.

Dr. B. K. Singh

Department of Orthopedics


Book Appointment

Dr. Amit Chaudhry

Department of Orthopedics


Book Appointment

Dr. Gajanand Yadav

Department of Orthopedics

Associate Consultant

Book Appointment

Dr. Jayant Arora

Department of Orthopedics


Book Appointment

Dr. Praveen Tittal

Department of Orthopedics

Senior Consultant

Book Appointment

Treatment Costs for Partial Knee Replacement

Be the change and be an opportunist in transforming healthcare.

Checkout the Starting Price

Check Now

Checkout the Starting Price

Check Now

Checkout the Starting Price

Check Now

Checkout the Starting Price

Check Now

Checkout the Starting Price

Check Now

Checkout the Starting Price

Check Now

Checkout the Starting Price

Check Now

How it's Works

Guiding your Journey from Discovery to Treatment Planning and Beyond.


Get a consultation to discover about your treatment


Admission to the best hospital and all pre-treatment facilities

Post Treatment

Get post-treatment follow-up care with medicine fulfillment

  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5

Treatment Planning

Hassle-free treatment planning with package & cost estimations


world-class quality procedures and equipment for treatment

Partial Knee Replacement - Frequently Asked Questions

If a patient is a good match for partial knee replacement surgery, they should definitely go for it as it has many benefits over total knee replacement surgery such as: smaller incision, minimal invasion and shorter recovery time.

Partial knee replacement surgery is a common surgery conducted by surgeons and has 90% success rate.

While the best age to go for a partial knee replacement surgery is less than 55 years of age, most of the people who go for the surgery are people within the age of 50 to 80 year old. However, this has little impact on the success rate.

The uni-compartmental or partial knee replacement surgery is usually completed within 1.5 to 2 years by expert orthopaedic surgeons.

While a little pain is experienced after the surgery, it is far lesser than total knee replacement. The pain usually decreases significantly after a couple of days after the partial knee replacement surgery.

The risks may include a higher revision rate for partial knee replacement than total knee replacement and it has infection of the joint, which occurs in it; 1% of patients.

People are totally recovered from a Partial knee replacement surgery maximum within a weeks time and they are free to run or jump. However, it is suggested that they take caution and not put a lot of strain on the knee.

Yes, one can kneel after a partial knee replacement, however it is a technique that is to be taught in rehabilitation by health care givers.